A system of hand signs engraved on several mastabas in Egypt discovered by Professor Hans Hickmann from the Museum of Cairo, called chironomy were carefully analyzed, and from them he developed the various gestures shown on the scale above.  The scale is pentatonic with eleven degrees and several modes which were played on instruments as well as sung.  Ancient choir directing was originally done using hand signs or signals which qued the choir to various tones of notes and cords.

The use of hand signs is very archaic and found on many ancient pictographs.  Forms of these hand signs are still in use today although often modified as in modern orchestra and choir conducting, some folk dances, and signs for the deaf, etc.  Ancient Greek and Egyptian scales allegedly originated from the Phrygian and were attributed to the goddess or muse Bat, whom all credit is given for having invented music.

Both Ancient Egyptian and Greek music were played on stringed instruments whose tones are identical to those found in China and in Japan played on the kyoto.

A bust of the goddess Bat now called Hathor and relegated to Cow Goddess of the Milky Way was in actually a Muse. A Muse was a female teacher, musician, poet, and writer; also an instructor of the science and math of music, who inspired one's imagination and creativity through music, poetry, story and the arts.

The Muse -- goddess Hathor/Bat was given all credit for inventing music. Muse is also where the word Music originated. The image of Bat/Hathor at upper left is also a link to the oldest lyre tune known and thought to be Hurrian.  A few hand signs and lyres are shown below.

Click a blue tab below to display images of hand-signs and lyres.

    Hand Signs
Finger Signs   Hand Signs
    Archaic Harps & Hand Signals.
Ancient Harps   Hand Signals
    Lyre in Ancient China
Lyre in China

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